Places where I search – an ongoing list of websites that can yield a great deal of background information for a one-name study; some of these, obviously, are specific to my own ONS. Updated on 17 July 2015.
Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The paper by Heinrich Härke, Anglo-Saxon Immigration and Ethnogenesis can be found here: http://www.academia.edu/1178275/Anglo-Saxon_immigration_and_ethnogenesis._Medieval_Archaeology_55_2011._1-28
Ancestral Atlas is a map-based genealogy site. The street maps are very clear, so this site can help in identifying locations. http://www.ancestralatlas.com/ancestral-atlas-genealogy-mapping-network.php
British History Online is a digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources for British and Irish history, mainly covering the period between 1300-1800: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/
East Riding Archives and Local Studies Service has an online catalogue. You can order a copy of a document for a modest fee. But please note that some documents may be too fragile to copy. http://www2.eastriding.gov.uk/leisure/archives-family-and-local-history/
East Yorkshire Family History Society has a lot of information; many parish registers have been transcribed and are available on CD. http://www.eyfhs.org.uk/
England’s Immigrants 1330-1550, a collaborative project from the Universities of Sheffield and York and The National Archives, gives insight into two hundred years of ‘ordinary’ history. You can search the database by name and/or by place. The names returned are those for both the immigrant and the employer. If you search for a place, e.g. a village, you get a glimpse of the make-up of that little society. https://www.englandsimmigrants.com/
Europeana 1914-1918, collaborative pan-European project that gathers together all sorts of artefacts and mementoes of the Great War : http://www.europeana1914-1918.eu/en
Family Search Wiki, a good starting point for researching round a topic. This page deals with illegitimacy in England: https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Illegitimacy_in_England .
GB Names Public Profiler has data from 1881 and 1998 and gives you an indication of the frequency and spread of surnames within Great Britain: http://gbnames.publicprofiler.org/
GENUKI: Genealogical resources and information for the UK and Ireland. Here you will get insight into (mainly) pre-1900 information about counties and places. There are some transcriptions, e.g. from registers, monuments, directories, gazetteers, links to record depositories , and much much more. The website is compiled by volunteers. The Yorkshire pages are very good indeed. www.genuki.org.uk
Geograph, for photographs of the places your folks lived/the churches where they were baptised: http://www.geograph.org.uk/
Google Books for digitised copies of old books: https://books.google.com/
Guild of One-Name Studies has a wealth of information relating to the study of surnames, and some of it can be accessed by anyone, e.g. the Surname Search facility and Marriage Locator. But there is much much more there if you are a member, and you do not need to have registered a study name to be a member. http://one-name.org/
Hearth Tax Online a collaborative research project based at the University of Roehampton, educating us all about this short-lived tax (1662-1689), publishing and making data available online: http://www.hearthtax.org.uk/about/
Historical Directories of England & Wales (old trade directories, gazetteers etc) can be found at this University of Leicester website: http://specialcollections.le.ac.uk/cdm/search/collection/p16445coll4/searchterm/manchester!north%20west%20england/field/all!region/mode/exact!exact/conn/and!and/order/period/page/2
Internet Archive is a digital library of books and other media, and also contains over 479 billion archived web pages. https://archive.org/
Isard One-Name Study has a lot of information about the names Isard, Izard, Izzard: http://www.jimmys.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/
National Library of Scotland has a large collection of old Ordnance Survey, and maps that can be geo-referenced. This is an invaluable resource for a researcher. http://maps.nls.uk/geo/explore/#zoom=5&lat=56.0000&lon=-4.0000&layers=1
Office of National Statistics names data for 2002 can be found here: http://www.taliesin-arlein.net/names/
Open Library aims to give one web page to every book published. You can find digitised versions of old books that can be downloaded in an appropriate form, e.g. as a .pdf, or read online. https://openlibrary.org/
Pocklington and District Local History Group has a wealth of information at: http://www.pocklingtonhistory.com/index.php
Society of Genealogists – lots of resources and good Research Guides. http://www.sog.org.uk/
The London Gazette has been the official publication of the Government since 1665: https://www.thegazette.co.uk/
The Long, Long Trail (The British Army during the Great War). This website provides comprehensive and essential background reading for research into the British Army during the great War: http://www.1914-1918.net/
The National Archives (TNA) is the official archive and publisher for the UK government, and for England and Wales. Some of the documents date back over a thousand years. The online catalogue is called Discovery; you can filter your search term and opt for results from other archives too, e.g. a search for EZARD will then also bring up info held at the East Yorkshire Archives and Local Studies Service.
There are excellent Research Guides, online tutorials e.g. Palaeography, and a number of sub-sites too, e.g. Blogs, Labs (still in Beta), Podcasts and Videos (Archive Media Player). The videos have not been subtitled but a few have been transcribed, so click on the appropriate tab to see if a transcription is available. www.nationalarchives.gov.uk.
Vision of Britain Through Time, a project from the University of Portsmouth, which brings together historical writing, surveys, old maps and much more to build a historical picture of Britain. http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/
There are also two very useful online magazines:
Genealogy In Time Magazine, which is a large independent (and free) genealogy site. The magazine is published every seven days, and the site also gives you access to a unique Genealogy Search Engine, a Family Tree Finder, and many useful articles and tips. http://www.genealogyintime.com/about-us.html
Lost Cousins Newsletter is published about once a fortnight. It is by Peter Calver, who runs Lost Cousins, and it is so useful because it is so simple – basically, just a list of short items, which often include discounts he has negotiated with data providers like Ancestry and Find My Past. This link is to a July 2015 newsletter: http://lostcousins.com/newsletters2/latejul15news.htm.